Welex, leading law and accountant firm in Marbella, will explain in detail the regulations for riding an Electric Step in Spain.

Electric Steps are vehicles powered exclusively by electric motors with a design speed between 6 and 25 km/h.

Before driving an electric step in Spain, it is important to be aware of the rules that users of personal mobility vehicles must comply when driving in urban areas and to do so safely.

It should also be borne in mind that from 22 January 2024, all steps on the market, must be certified for use and that from 22 January 2027, only those steps that comply with the provisions of the VMP (Vehículo de Movilidad Personal – Personal Mobility Vehicles) Characteristics Manual and thus have a VMP certificate number from the DGT may be put on the road. The DGT has published a list of all certified VMP which you can check on the DGT website to ensure maximum security for the buyer.

 

 

Each local government can regulate the circulation of electric steps in a specific way. However, all users must meet certain minimum conditions in Spain, which are described below.

– The speed of these steps must be between 6 km/h and 25 km/h.

– The DGT has prepared the Handbook of Characteristics of Personal Mobility Vehicles, a regulatory document containing the technical characteristics that MPVs must meet in order to be allowed on the road and the requirement for these vehicles to be certified by the competent authorities in Spain.

– They cannot drive on pavements and are not allowed on interurban roads, intersections, motorways, dual carriageways or urban tunnels.

– Their drivers are subject to the same maximum alcohol levels allowed by the Road Safety Act, as well as the prohibition of driving with drugs in the body.

– They are not allowed to wear headphones or use a mobile phone or other device while driving.

– The recent traffic law requires drivers of motorised two-wheelers to wear safety helmets, with conditions to be laid down in regulations. The DGT is already working on this regulatory development in collaboration with municipalities and stakeholders in Spain.

The electric step in Spain is required to have the following:

  • Braking system
  • Audible signal device (buzzer).
  • Rear and front lights and reflective devices.
  • It is also recommended to use a helmet, even if the municipal regulation does not require it.
  • Third-party liability insurance for electric steps in Spain

Offences and associated fines in Spain

  • Driving an electric scooter in Spain under the influence of alcohol and other drugs can result in a fine of between €500 and €1,000, depending on the alcohol level, or €1,000 if drugs are involved. In case of a positive test, the vehicle will also be stopped, as for all other vehicles.
  • For using a mobile phone while driving a scooter or any other communication device in Spain, the fine is €200.
  • For wearing headphones, driving at night without lights or reflective clothing, or not wearing a helmet, if the municipal ordinance requires this measure, the fine will be €200.

Maintenance of an electric step in Spain

The electric scooter needs regular maintenance. It is not recommended to use it if parts are broken, if the battery life has significantly decreased, if there are air leaks in the tyres or signs of wear, or if there are noises when turning or other abnormal symptoms. In such cases, contact a workshop.

Also check the condition and pressure of the tyres if they have inner tubes. Use a damp cloth for cleaning and avoid electrical parts. Never charge the battery overnight as it may overheat and catch fire. Charging should be done before the battery is completely empty and never when the scooter is wet or damp.

If you need advice on this new personal mobility law in Spain, or on any tax or legal issue, please contact our law firm Welex in Marbella. Do not hesitate to contact our offices, our team of professionals will be happy to give you the advice you need.